Muscat is the capital of Oman. It is also the seat of government and largest city in the Governorate of Muscat. As of 2010 census, the population of the Muscat metropolitan area was 734,697. The metropolitan area spans approximately 1,500 km2 (580 sq mi) and includes six provinces called wilayats.
Known since the early 1st century CE as an important trading port between the west and the east, Muscat was ruled by various indigenous tribes as well as foreign powers such as the Persians and the Portuguese Empire at various points in its history. A regional military power in the 18th century, Muscats influence extended as far as East Africa and Zanzibar. As an important port-town in the Gulf of Oman, Muscat attracted foreign tradesmen and settlers such as the Persians, the Balochs and Gujaratis. Since the ascension of Qaboos bin Said as Sultan of Oman in 1970, Muscat has experienced rapid infrastructural development that has led to the growth of a vibrant economy and a multi-ethnic society.
When to go:
Despite being on the coast, the weather in Muscat can be unbearably hot. The best time to visit is between December and March, when the more temperate winter season provides humane temperatures. February is the coolest month. The rest of the year temperatures can be well over 38 C.
Average monthly temperature (°C)
Omani Rial (OMR).
A passport valid for six months is required. A one-month tourist visa or three-week business visa is obtainable on arrival for a fee of OMR 20 (OMR 50 for business visas). Extensions of up to one further month are possible for tourist visas.
There are direct and indirect flights to Muscat available from a variety of UK cities. Flights to Muscat International Airport, located 20 miles (32km) west of the city centre, take about 9 hours (direct) and 16 hours (with layovers).
For the latest update-to-date Muscat travel advice, click here.
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